The Law changing the permission system in construction
On February 8 the president of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed the law 4733-1 which changes the rules of the construction market. It is stated in the web-site of Verkhovna Rada.
Before the effective date of the said law, there were identified 5 categories of difficulty of construction projects. During the construction of buildings of the first-third categories (which included separate houses and apartment buildings up to 5 floors with one entrance) developers did not have to get permits, it was enough to send a message to the State Architectural and Construction Inspectorate to start construction work.
For the construction of projects of the fourth and fifth categories of difficulty it was necessary to issue permit documentations and have a separate building permit.
The State Architectural and Construction Inspectorate repeatedly drawn attention to the fact that many developers underestimated the category of difficulty. So SACI suggested replacing five categories of difficulty by three classes of possible consequences in the event of the destruction of the object.
The simplest class is single-floored buildings, the middle - hospitals, small business centers or shopping centers. The rest belong to the third class.
Upon the effective date of the law permitting procedures for buildings belonging to the first two classes will not change. To start construction it will be enough to send the message. But to build a multistory building the developer will have to make project appraisal and approve the project documentation.
According to the head of the State Architectural and Construction Inspectorate of Ukraine Oleksii Kudriavtsev, such measures will strengthen the effectiveness of suppression of illegal construction by the state at the stage of registration permits. "Unscrupulous developers can no longer underestimate the category of difficulty or build such objects deliberately declaring false information - the ownership of the land plot, town-planning conditions and restrictions, or avoid passing construction appraisal," - said Oleksii Kudriavtsev.
However, the Chief of the Office of Effective regulation Oleksii Goncharuk expressed some concerns about the adopted law on his page in Facebook. "Under this law, a significant part of objects that could be constructed by submitting a declaration now require permits. Now there are law documents being prepared for this law. In this regard, the issue of corruption in SACI (the State Architectural and Construction Inspectorate) becomes more urgent. For a long time the traditional scheme for SACI was a model when "for enter and exit" from the procedure of construction, developer had to pay USD 2 to 5 per 1 sq.m. My question is - if this "corrupt model" still works "- said Oleksii Goncharuk.